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A recent conversation with one of our long-time clients prompted me to dig this out of my files and share it with all of you.  The conversation cantered around having a different goaltending coach from the previous year and that coach looking to make some changes to his play.

Mostly, I think this happens simply because each goalie coach has his/her own perception of what is technically correct or how a goaltender should approach/react to game situations.  And I suspect, this is not uncommon.

From our (Alexander Goaltending) perspective once you go beyond the basic foundational technical skill, there may be more than one option to achieve similar results.  Providing, of course, in all instances, that the results are positive.  It doesn't necessarily mean one is right & and the other is wrong.  However, as a coach we need to understand, that because every goalie has different mental & physical attributes (size, speed, strength and so on), what will work for one goaltender may not necessarily work for another.  It is the coach's responsibility to make the best use of those attributes the goaltender already has.  

We, as professional coaches, are entrusted, among other things, to teach the technical skills of the position. Just as important is to ensure our students understand why we suggest a particular method.   Simply put, we are providing a goaltender a tool for his/her "toolbox".  Hopefully they realize the benefit, but, how and if they use it is always their choice.  As long as, whatever they choose allows them to perform at the highest and most efficient level given their particular technical, physical and mental skills.   

If you do find yourself in a situation where you are being asked to do something goaltending related that you feel uncomfortable doing, you need to open a dialogue with the coach to try and understand where the issue is.  Hopefully he/she is not looking to make changes just for the sake of change.  The role of the goalie coach is really all about developing and improving skills, analysing performance and solving performance problems.  

If a change is being recommended to how you are presently doing something, the question here should be "WHY”?  Why change?  Is what I am doing holding back my development?  Is my action (or non-action) causing goals?  How will it improve my performance?  I am sure the competent coach will be able to show you how this change will/could work to your advantage and help you move forward to improve. 

At the same time, however, we do feel it is incumbent upon the goaltender to, at the very least, give something new a try.  Not to do so might be depriving him/her of an opportunity to make a change that improves and/or develops his/her game beyond where it is presently.     

A very high profile national level coach once told me a good coach should always be able to answer the "WHY" question with a positive reply and back up their answer with examples or results.

Note: Research shows it takes between 300 - 500 repetitions to gain competency (many more to be proficient) in a motor skill (trapper save) and 3000 - 5000 repetitions to correct a poor/incorrect muscle motor pattern (need to un-learn and then re-learn).  


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Because we try to support our student/clients at and away from the rink, we like to stay in touch with both they and parents as frequently as we can.

Some (just a few), hold a belief it is important for their son/daughter to play up beyond their present skill/age level in order for them to achieve long term success.  They feel, that, if they don’t, their son/daughter will never reach their (?) goals.  I find this to be a bit unrealistic.  Simply because, everyone will develop at their own pace.  As a parent, all you can really do is provide your son/daughter the opportunity to play, expose them to the best QUALITY training available, (notice the emphasis on quality) encourage them and support them.

Everyone has a different development curve which is based on several factors of which some are controllable and some not. We will always have those few (very few) who are ahead of the normal curve, the average (a majority) and, of course, the “late bloomer” (very few).  And, no amount of wishful thinking will propel any of them beyond what they are physically and mentally capable of achieving.  

When your son/daughter is younger, it is easy to get caught up in the allure of skipping a step & jumping up to a level beyond their age group in the hope they will develop faster and quicker.  And, even at higher levels (Junior & above) the same idea exists.  I must admit, I may have been one of those people.  Even today, I look at some of our student/clients and wonder if their development would not be better served by playing up.  But………


There really isn’t anything wrong with “testing the waters”.  Say trying out for a team (if you are able) that competes above your son/daughter’s present playing level.  But, unless your son/daughter is very mature & can be certain they will see enough “net time” (nothing erodes confidence more than sitting at the end of a bench game after game) to develop & improve their game skills, they are much better off “staying the course”.  

Here are a couple of reasons to “stay the course”:

- it allows them an opportunity to experience growth as a player
- it gives them more time to develop their skills because they are not always trying to play “catch up” with stronger, more experienced & older kids & team mates
- different social dynamics will come into play at the next level
- they might be looked to for a leadership role which, in turn helps them develop as a person
- it could serve to build their mental toughness & character because they could become (if not already) the “go to guy or gal” who logs all the hard minutes in tough times


It is my belief (as a coach and long-time scout) that if you are good enough, you will be “found”.  No matter how deeply a goaltender is “buried” they will hear of you and find you.  I do understand the concept of “timing” also enters the picture, but, have the patience to continue to work smart & hard; search out & use every resource possible to improve ALL aspects of your game; refine your skills to perfection.  And, hopefully you will become the best goaltender you can possibly be at the level you are supposed to be.  And, who knows where that will lead. 


I know that not everyone will agree with me simply because, unless you have experienced it, it is difficult not to look for the “silver bullet” that gets you on the fast track.  Unfortunately, very, very few who ever get on the “fast track” train will ride it all the way to the station.


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How do you practice??

Let me begin by telling you that the old saying "you play like you practice" is exactly true....if you give your best effort in practice you'll do the same in the game; if you don't pay attention to details in practice you won't in a game; if you don't track the puck in practice you won't in a game...and on, and on.

So, here are some quick tips for an effective and productive practice:

- prepare; make sure you are warmed up and stretched before you get on the ice.  Time on ice is meant for developing skills, not really for warming up and stretching

- do you need to go to the drill explanation each time the coach whistles players in?  Ask the coach to signal you in only if you really need to be a part of the drill.  Otherwise use the time to work on some aspect of your game such as puck handling, inside edge work skating or lateral slides/recoveries; sealing off the post in a VH or RVH etc.

- have a plan; you need to go on the ice with some goal in mind. Perhaps it is something you want to improve on from your last game such as keeping your hands ahead of your body in stance, keeping your stick on the ice and in your 5 hole.  Basically, anything you want to become better at

- get your skating in first.  As soon as you step on the ice, head for a crease and do your skating drills.  As a goaltender you must be the best, confined space, skater on your need to work on skating every practice.  If there are pucks on the ice I'm sure your team mates won't mind just using one net for shooting, as you get in some skating.  I would suggest, though, that you ask your coach first

- always practice good visual puck tracking; watch every puck as it comes into your body as you either smother or catch it or direct the rebound away. (tip: keep your nose pointed to the puck)

- follow rebounds at least visually if you can't follow them physically (sometimes the spacing between shots doesn't permit time to physically reposition on rebounds)

- battle hard to stop every shot.  Even those you know you don't have a chance to stop.  This will translate into your game play and help you make that "game saving" stop from time to time

- handle pucks at every practice.  Make it a point to get out and stop any rims or pucks that come near the net and join in, where possible, for any team puck handling drills

"There are no shortcuts to any place worth going"


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Confidence!  It is a corner stone on which successful goaltending is built.

Confidence inspires you to play at a top of your game; playing at the top of your game inspires confidence.  The question is, which comes first?  Perhaps it is a bit of both.  But, make no mistake, self-confidence is crucial to performing at your highest level.

If you are confident, you'll be better able to handle difficult situations - those times during competition when things go wrong.  Your demeanour both on and off the ice will reflect that confidence and your attitude will be "play to win" and not a "try not to lose" mentality, which will influence your team mates & inspire confidence in them as well.

On the other hand, when you aren't confident, you'll struggle with mistakes, likely become frustrated and play too cautiously.  You become tense, your movements are no longer smooth, you "fight" the puck, you create rebounds and overplay situations.

So, if we understand how important confidence is to our performance, why do we struggle with confidence issues from time to time, and more importantly, how do you acquire/maintain/regain confidence.

From our experience, confidence seems more evident when the goaltender focuses on his/her strong points (what are the things I do really well) and not their deficiencies or weaknesses.  There is no room for negativity if you are to perform at your best.  

Confident goaltenders concern themselves only with the the things they can control (emotions, preparation, attitude, thoughts).  We also note that, generally, the more prepared the individual is, the more likely they are to play with confidence.

And, that leads us to one of the most important elements that will affect confidence - PREPARATION.  We've talked about pre-game preparation in a previous article & we are firm believers that the better prepared physically and mentally you are to play, the more likely you will play with confidence.  There is something about routine and familiarity that gives us a feeling of comfort and preparedness.  So, doing all those "good things" which motivated athletes do away from the rink plus a positive pre-competition routine will start you off on the confidence route.

If you noticed, all the things we mentioned in the previous paragraph are controllable by the goaltender.  Make a list of what you can or can't control and don't worry about what you can't control.

Remember, also, there will be ups & downs in your game and it is natural that you will struggle with confidence at times.  The secret is to understand that it will happen, but, to also believe in yourself, and, that what you are doing will bring positive results over the long run.  

Understand what got you to where you are (hard work, motivation, dedication, on & off ice training, good personal choices).  Understand, as well, that your skills don't just "suddenly" leave you.  They don't say "that's it, I'm done" and go away.  More likely, you are hi-jacking your skills with negativity.  Our experience is that, goaltenders get into trouble with confidence when they start thinking the game, thinking about mistakes, the referee, missed opportunities, what their team mates think, what the coach thinks, what the fans think....the better able you can control that "little voice" inside your head the more likely you will play with confidence. 

No one can "give" you confidence and no one can take it from you.  Your confidence (or lack of) is in your hands (or, more exactly, in your head)  Understand the things (negative thoughts, unmet expectations, mistakes etc) that affect your confidence level and focus on replacing those thoughts (the little voice inside your head) with the notion that you can get through this because you are doing all the "right things" and that this is just one small bump in the road in your journey to becoming the best goaltender you can be.

Confidence is preparation.  Everything else is beyond your control. - Richard Kline


Posted by on in Alexander

Perhaps some of you have heard the saying “the devil is in the details”.  (meaning something that is taken to be simple will require more effort and time than expected or inattention to details will cause failure or small things, thought to be insignificant can cause serious problems)

How true in goaltending. Because successful goaltending is all about the “details” and far too often I see goaltenders neglect them.  The result of inattention to details is to forgo long term success for the sake of a few moments of glory.  

So, what are these dang details? Well, by this time I’m betting you are thinking they are all about those technical skills that are part of the goaltender’s tool box. True, but only partially true.

Details are in your training on and off ice.  That last rep doesn’t matter.  I’ll just to 9. After all, is there any real difference between 9 & 10. Yeah, I can skip this workout and take in a movie with my buddies.  After all I’ve already trained once this week.  Don’t want to tire myself out too badly, plus I can make up the work out next week.  Stopping a little before the blue line won’t hurt anything, and I’ll get through the drill and get back before the other guy.  That’ll impress coach for sure.  

Details are in your nutrition.  What’s a plate of “fries” before my game going to hurt anyway? So, what if I skip a meal here and there, I can still perform at peak whenever I want to.  

Details are in personal habits.  Hey, 11 pm or midnight, what’s the big deal?  I’ll can perform just as well with 6 hours sleep as 9. Nothing wrong with a little road hockey before practice is there.  Or a spin on the “quad” or snow machine on game day. 

Details in technical skills.  My skated blade doesn’t have to be on the post every time I t-push back from the top of the crease, does it? What if I don’t track puck carries behind the net.  I’m fast enough to get to that pass out.  What’s up with check the net front when the puck is below the goal line.  I can’t see where it serves any purpose.  And, keeping my stick blade in position to cover the 5-hole in a lateral slide.  I’ve never done that and can’t see any reason to start now because I’m doing ok.

These, folks, are just a small sample of the day to day details that are part of the making of an above average goaltender.  

Yes, the attention to details require discipline. But, understand that, from attention to details (or not), you develop habits whether good or bad.  And that strong, good habits formed from mindful attention to details are the foundation of a successful, elite goaltender.


Posted by on in Alexander

The world of a goaltender can be harsh at times.  It's no fun being on the long end of 10 - 1 loss or a 7-game losing streak.  Those can really test your "mental toughness".  Besides everything else it's embarrassing and, no doubt, a jolt to the ego.

So, let's look at somethings you might do to get a bit of your that "mental strength" back after you get knocked down.

Don't sit around feeling sorry for yourself.  Really, self-pity is not going to get you anywhere.  And don't look for anyone else to sympathize with you (except maybe your family) or a very close friend or coach.  Don't continue to focus on the problem....what you need is a solution.

Maybe what you need is to just get back to basics.  All the good things you did that got you to where you are. 

Maybe what you need is a change.  A change in your routine; a change in ATTITUDE.  Whatever.  Change is not necessarily bad.  To be a successful as a goaltender you must be able to adapt.  

Different year, different team?  New challenges for sure.  Are they going to adapt to the way you play?  Maybe not.  Maybe you must make some small adjustment to your game.  If the game has changed are you changing with it?  Are you willing to change?

Don't get all out of whack about things you can't control.  If you can't control it, you need to let it go and move on.  What you coach does, how your team plays in front of you, the calls the referees make.  You cannot control any of that.  So, discover what you can control (habits, choices) and spend your good time making sure those are right.

Stop worrying about everyone else thinks.  (something else you can't control) At times, you just have to simply do some things that others don't like.  They'll get over it.

Doing the same thing day after day and expecting different results does not make a lot of sense.  Don't repeat your mistakes.  Learn from them, "park" them and make a change.

Don't expect immediate results.  Everything takes time.  Your development as a Goaltending and likewise developing mental toughness is a process.  It doesn't happen in a week, a month, or a year.  YOU NEED TO WORK ON BOTH!

Don't get frustrated because you aren't where you think you should be.  Understand where you are at this moment and then plan and work the plan diligently to get where you want to be.  Get help with your plan.  Going it alone makes for a tough journey.

At the end of it all, nobody owes you (or me) anything.  Sure, we might not think it is fair, but, it is what it is.  Make the best of it.  Give what you have everyday and don't dwell on what you think you deserve.  

(as a side note, I recently read the book "GRIT" by Angela Duckworth.  Her many years of research (and of others as well) lead to a proven conclusion that "grit" or mental toughness is the main contributing factor to success)

What is your "Grittiness" index?  


Posted by on in Alexander

It happens to all of us at one time or another in our goaltending career - we get benched.

I've been there when I was actively playing competitively, you've been there; it happens to the pros.

It's not a pleasant situation. Perhaps you aren't even having a bad game. Maybe the
coach just wants to "shake things up".  Hopefully that is the reason, but even if it is, it's a shock.  And, it's embarrassing!  Fans & parents are looking on, not to mention your team mates.

And, then the thoughts start going through our mind: why? It was just one goal and it went off my defenseman's stick (of course coach didn't notice that); the whole team is playing badly, why signal me out? Am I going to get my next regular start? What are my team mates thinking?

And then the frustration and even anger can kick in.  It's difficult to keep your mind in the game, and perhaps you really don't feel like cheering on your team or for that matter, your playing partner.

Understand this is nothing to do with you personally and whatever the reason, you really can't change it.  Once done it is done.  You can either move on and stay prepared in the event you are called upon to go back in the net or sit there with your negative thoughts and emotions which really doesn't do anyone, including you, any good.

The best approach, and only productive one, is to take it as a learning experience: an opportunity to study players or the opposition goaltender.  And, maybe there, see some things you could incorporate into or add to your game.  Or, is there something in my game I need to improve so this doesn't happen again.  

One thing for sure, being benched will definitely test your mental toughness.  But, with the right ATTITUDE, you'll come away a stronger more resilient goaltender who can deal more readily with the pressures of the game and the ups and downs of goaltending in a positive manner.

Perhaps one piece of advice to leave you with is to be prepared to be benched.  It will happen! And, sometimes it just comes right out of left field without any warning.  So,
think about it before it does.  Try to set in your mind what you will do; what your reaction will be and how you will turn it into a positive.

And no matter what the circumstances, be supportive of your team mates.  At some point sooner or later, you will need their support.


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Recently I spent a bit of time with my son who works with the Blues in St. Louis. And, fortunately I was able to take in a couple of NHL games plus spend some time around the rink.

It’s been a few years since I saw a live game and it didn’t disappoint.
  Not surprisingly, today’s game is incredibly fast.  Speed of puck movement, shot speed & accuracy are all at the highest level.  However, what impressed me most was how quickly players & goaltenders make decisions and choose between the available options. 
I’m sure some of what I saw is a product of the player’s individual experiences moving up through the hockey system, but you must believe that the majority of what we see is a direct result of an incredible amount of time spent practicing their skills, off season training, hard work and time management.
  And, this applies not only to reaching the NHL but also to staying there.  
On the trip back home, I mused about what I had seen and wondered what the impact would be if every goaltender could see what goes into a “day at the office” for a professional goaltender.
  How many would commit, and dedicate the time & resources necessary to become the best they could given any physical limitations.
Understand, hockey must and should always be fun and up to the point of a goaltender’s teen age years. Throughout those times, it’s all about developing the basic physical and mental skill requirements of the position. But, at some point after, things need to change (the fun still needs to remain though) for anyone who aspires to play at the highest level they can.
However, after all my years of working with goaltenders, it totally amazes me the numbers that appear to have absolutely no idea what it takes to be an elite athlete, and, more importantly, who don’t take the initiative to research & understand how to become one. 
When you consider we live in the information age, it’s really no ones’ fault but theirs.
  Perhaps they are just among the “want to; would like to; wish I could” group.  Or perhaps they just “follow the crowd” thinking that, if everybody else is doing it, it must be right.  Still, it disturbs me to see the talent wasted needlessly.  

I say, take responsibility for your development! Carve your own path! Lead the way!

At about this time I can hear people saying how much you will need to “sacrifice”.  And I remember using that word in my last e-mail.  But on reflection, I now believe this word is totally overused when it comes to explaining what is necessary to become an elite or above average athlete.
  “You need to sacrifice to be the best” is absurd.  It is only a “sacrifice” if you are giving up something and are not completely committed to the task.  There isn’t any “sacrifice” involved if you make a choice about what you want to do and ‘go for it”.
At the end of the day, our choices define us and ultimately will determine the level to which we will rise.


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As we enter the first couple of weeks of hockey season, and now reflecting back on the tryout period prior to the season, it has probably been a stressful time for a lot goalies (and parents too)

And, I am sure, some of you didn't make the team you tried out for.  Believe me I've have personally experienced being cut and, recalling those days, it wasn't the most pleasant of times.  So, I thought I would pass on a little advice which I hope will help out a bit.

I know the first question that comes to mind, when it happens, is WHY?  Truth is, sometimes, it doesn't make a lot of sense, even when you get the answer.  Maybe it was just that the competition was really tough (a lot of exceptionally good goalies in your age group) or you didn't perform up to the expectation of the coaches or your skills were lacking.  Or maybe, "politics" came into play.  Maybe it was your demeanour, how you presented yourself in the net, your size or the coach just felt more comfortable (confident) with other guy (or girl)  Whatever the reason, you have to move on.  You can't hang on to the thought that the coach didn't like you or they didn't see you at your best or because you allowed fewer goals than the other goalie(s) you should have been selected.

Understand, that, unless we do fail from time to time, we will never become the best we can be.  Most top end athletes (goaltenders) will tell you that fear of failing is what has driven them to become successful.  And, they learned from the failing experience because they were able to "move on", understand their deficiencies, and vowed to work diligently on those to make the necessary corrections and improve.  And so, failing is a necessary part to improving your game.

So, what are YOU going to do about it.  The first thing you need to do is take an honest look at your game and identify the parts that need to be improved .  If you feel the need for outside help to do this, enlist a trusted coach to sit with you to make the review.  Just remember, if he/she are being  honest, you may hear things you don't want to hear.  However, if you REALLY want to get better, then the need for honesty.  During the review, identify 3 or 4 areas for improvement, put those into writing plus what you want to accomplish for each and how you plan to do it.  Again I highly recommend you enlist the help of a coach or your parents in the plan.  But remember it's YOUR plan and not the responsibility of Mom or Dad or a coach to lead you along.  They can help set you off in the right direction, but the ball (puck) is in your court when it comes to providing the motivation, dedication & hard work.  

If you truly WANT (not wish, like to, would be nice) to be a top end, above average or elite goaltender then it is YOUR RESPONSIBILITY to put in the work, provide the motivation and MAKE THE SACRIFICES necessary  No one else can do it for you!


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Some time ago I happened upon an interview with the “mental skills coach” of the New Zealand “All Blacks” famous rugby team.

The article begins with the headline “Make Mental Strength Your Strongest Skill”.  In the article, he attributes the team’s phenomenal success, for the most part, to each individual’s “mental toughness”.   Understand that the “All Blacks” are a premier professional team (and so not unusual to find a “mental skills coach” as part of their staff).  But, when you think of the disproportionate amount of the time & effort we, as coaches, put into physical skill & technical development versus the time, on average, a goalie spends developing his/her mental skills it is easy it is to understand why many a goaltender can go through extended periods of time playing well below their capabilities if these skills are not developed.  I am not saying that better mental skill training and mental toughness is the answer to every goaltender’s performance issues, but, when you think of the number of above average skilled goaltenders who have never developed to their full potential because of lack of mental skills it is easy to understand how important these skills are for success.

The position of goaltender, has some unique pressures which very few, if any, who have not played the position fully understand or appreciate.  It is really the weight of expectations.  And is it a very, very heavy load.  But, fortunately, one that most goaltenders enjoy having the opportunity to play such an important role in the success of their team.

So, what really is “mental toughness”.  Mental toughness is described in the following as the capacity of an individual to deal effectively with stressors, pressures and challenges, and
perform to the best of their ability, irrespective of the circumstances in which they find themselves. 

Mental toughness is not something that everyone is born with.  It is developed over time and through experiences.  It is understanding that one must “stay the course”.  Giving in is not an option.
It is understanding what the reality of the situation is and exactly what your job is.  It is maintaining focus and dealing with one moment one after another & not getting ahead of yourself spending precious time & energy thinking of consequences.

In the “heat of battle” here are some quick things we can do when our “Mental Toughness” is challenged

  1. Let go of the miscue/distraction and stay in the present (park it!)
  2. Take a deep breath, relax your body part by part (I'm not one much for the "water bottle squirt" bit) and reset by recapping in your mind what happened and how you might have prevented it from happening (or not)
  3. Eliminate any negative thoughts & focus on the present

So how do we develop “Mental Toughness”

Well the first thing we need to do when we are faced with adversity is understand that by facing and accepting the challenge head on, we are strengthening our coping habit & developing mental toughness and our ability to deal with future adversity and, at the same time, develop our resiliency

Secondly, we need to just “get over it” and focus on the next challenge

And, thirdly, understand what we need to do in a physical sense & mental sense to meet those future challenges


Posted by on in Alexander

Unfortunately, as you move up the hockey chain, it does matter.  Even, sometimes at the Minor Hockey level.  And, many of us are not as physically gifted as some of our counterparts.  However, don't despair.  There is plenty room at a lot of playing levels for the smaller goaltender beyond Minor Hockey or High School.  Generally there is still a place in Major Junior for smaller goaltender and most certainly the smaller goaltender can flourish at the Junior A or Junior B level. (our Director of Goaltending Development, David fashioned a successful Junior A career despite being just 5' 8")
Beyond that, CIS, NCAA, ECHL, AHL and European teams are options open to those who do not reach the "supposedly ideal" 6' 2" height for an NHL goaltender.  Understand, reaching the NHL is no easy task.  At any given time there are only 60 goaltenders playing there (62 next year when Las Vegas ice their team) and, literally, these come from every part of the world.  So, in reality your competition is not the kid on the next block or in the next town, but the kid playing minor hockey in Switzerland, or Germany or Russia.

So, here are some things you need to be to maximize your ability to compete at any level, no matter what your size:

- athletic (incredible agility, balance & coordination)
- an incredible skater (master at using inside edges to position, or reposition on skates or in lateral slide in and around the crease area)
- a student of the game (watches games observing player tendencies and play patterns and how shots are generated and from which locations in the defensive zone they originate)
- be excellent at reading the shot release (studies player shooting tendencies and able to determine height, velocity and shot location immediately as the puck is leaving the stick using complete puck focus)
- a master at staying up and on skates (is patient and confidently remains on skates and does not go down until the puck has left the stick)
- near perfect at positioning (must, must always have proper angle and depth on every shot and must arrive "on time" every time so feet are set and/or in proper position "BEFORE" the shot is released)

Hope this helps. 
Never give up. Work hard. Be the best you can possibly be every time you step on the ice and enjoy the game.


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I am often asked; “What does it take to become a successful, top performing goaltender?”  Usually my first response is TIME, LOTS OF HARD WORK, PROFESSIONAL COACHING & LUCK followed by “the list is quite long, where would you like me to start?”  Sometimes the conversation ends there but not always.  Unfortunately, parents and goalies today expect immediate success & results.  It just doesn’t happen.

Here are SOME of the physical & intangible elements that go into a top performing goaltender from my perspective.

Physical Elements

Speed & Agility -  ability to start & stop, change direction & shift momentum all while maintaining good
Leg & Lower Body Strength & Power -  explosive starts, sharp stops, hard slides & pushes.  Allows for smooth transition and body control from skates to pads & pads to skates and from side to slide in a lateral movements
Core Strength - well developed abdominals, oblique & back muscles for smooth, quick, efficient
movement in & around the net.  (Core muscles are the first to be activated when we initiate goaltending movements)
Quick Feet - speed of foot movement in and around the crease for single or multiple directional changes or save sequences
Flexibility - the ability to initiate movement outside the normal range of motion;  especially useful
in scramble situations or when caught out of position
High Fitness (Cardio) Level – above average anaerobic capacity and all round conditioning
Hand/Eye Coordination & great vision - ability to track pucks, read the shot release and co-ordinate limb & body movements to intercept the path of the puck effectively on every shot

Intangible Elements

Passion - a burning desire to be best  you can be and have fun doing it
Competitiveness - a willingness to compete hard to stop every shot every time you step on the ice
Mental toughness - able to handle the pressure of the position and the game, the ups and downs of sport, fatigue and injury
Work Ethic - willing to work hard at practice, and in games as well as in the off season to further develop skills and improve strength and conditioning
Character - a positive attitude on and off the ice; a team player;  accepts responsibility without placing blame; uncompromising integrity
Student of the Game - observes, asks questions and constantly strives to understand the elements of the position and the game
Ability to Adjust - able to make modifications to their game when necessary; a simple adjustment during a game or a long term commitment to change style or adapt to a new method in goaltending
Concentration - able to focus on what needs to be done and going out and doing it
Focus - able to "zone in" on the puck and find it through traffic under all types of circumstances; able to read plays and the puck off the stick
Preparation - understanding that good game preparation cannot be substituted; develops a pre-game routine that enables them to maintain a  high level of confidence and game focus
Resiliency – that “bounce back” ability after a bad game or goal
Habits – personal home & off ice habits that contribute positively to all these intangibles 


Posted by on in Alexander

Just found this article in my "e-news" this morning & thought it would bear repeating.  I am not sure if I wrote this.  Unfortunately, if not, I have been unable to find the author.  So, for the moment, let's go with "Author Unknown" and if he/she turns up, proper credit will be given.

I have to say, after over 20 year of watching, coaching and involved the the sport of hockey, I am convinced that this article is "bang on".   For the most part goaltenders on Spring Teams are left to their own devices relative to any type of goaltending specific coaching during the "Spring Hockey Season" (which could consist of anywhere from 6 - 8 weeks of practices & tournaments).   I don't have any first hand experience of this, but I am told that goalies pay the same as any other player while sharing tournament games with a partner.   And lastly, let's not make any mistake here, the goal is "WINNING".  So, if one goaltender has even marginally better skills than his partner, who do you think will play the majority of important games in tournament play?


"As hockey has become a year round sport there has been much speculation that we are not developing well-rounded athletes and sport specific training and competition needs to be balanced. The theory is that a better athlete will make a better goalie down the road. Goalies sometimes have a large number of off-season tournaments to participate in that are exposure driven and goalies as well as parents feel compelled to participate because of the potential to be "seen".  But, on the other hand, the number of tournaments has grown dramatically lately and many feel the cost of participating and the time involved is not a positive trend.

There is a clear distinction between training and competition. Training programs offer goalies the tools to become better while exposure tournaments only give them the forum to demonstrate their skill.  Unfortunately, there is a distinct trend toward the latter and it is not only cutting into participation in other sporting activities but also the opportunity to develop better skills and all round athleticism. 
Many top end coaches from the professional ranks are recommending that all Minor Hockey players compete in other sports and are urging them to put the skates away to play lacrosse, tennis and soccer instead of going on the spring and summer “tournament circuit”. Of course the risk of following this advice is the multi-sport athlete who ends up underexposed and slipping through the cracks.

But, at the end of the day, with so many scouts & recruiters looking for talent, if you are deserved, they will find you."


Posted by on in Alexander

This is the time of the year (mid-season) when most goaltenders look back (or should) at what they have accomplished to date; whether they have met our development goals, and, at the same time, begin to set goals and training objectives for the second half season. Although the following has been taken from a business model, we think it can easily be applied to goaltending. Keep these in mind as you move forward into the New Year. 

Here are a some keys to success:

1. Don't blame others for your problems. Rather, accept personal responsibility and move forward correcting the things that are within your control and accepting those that are not 

2. Don't engage in endless self-analysis and always questioning your abilities and self-worth. No one every enjoyed success dwelling on negatives

3. Have written goals with deadlines and a plan of action to accomplish them. There is something magic about writing things down

4. Manage your time effectively. You only have so many hours each day to accomplish what is important to you. Don't waste time

5. Don't keep repeating the same behaviour and expecting different results 

6. Take some time every day to celebrate you achievements (privately or otherwise)

7. Take the steps necessary to maintain a high level of energy - both physical and mental. Nutritious food, lots of rest, regular goaltending specific work outs & hydration

8. Don't give up to soon. Some of the world's most successful people are those who are the most persistent 

The key to positive results is to know yourself. The better you know yourself; your strengths, your weaknesses, your goals, what you are learning from your experiences, the more positive your development will become.


Posted by on in Alexander

"10 Goalie New Year's Resolutions"

1. I will work hard to develop my "goaltending skating" so I can move quickly & easily into position in time to stop every shot
2. I will give my best in every game and never leave any game wishing I had worked harder
3. I will build my mental toughness so I do not get discourages by bad goals
4. I will improve my practice habits. My play in games will mirror how I practice and I will develop my best game habits in practice
5. I will accept responsibility for my play - good or bad
6. I will not lay blame with my team mates for goals that are scored even if they made the mistake
7. I will be a student of the game and always look to improve & work hard to develop my goaltending skills
8. I will be disciplined both on & off the ice and maintain emotional control at all times
9. I will practice good pre-game preparation so when I step on the ice, I am ready to compete
10. I will compete for every puck and never give up on a shot, no matter how impossible it might seem to stop it


Posted by on in Alexander

In our last blog we talked brought up the topic of "net presence" and the impressions goaltenders give by their on ice demeanour. And we offered up a couple to tips as to how you might check on your own "net presence".

Today we are going to take a quick look at how to differentiate yourself from other goaltenders in your league/division and stand out from the crowd. Here it is worth repeating the comment often heard from recruiters and scouts...."at some point in time, they all look the same". So, here are just a couple of things that can help you not "look the same".

Become a better all round athlete - most pro goaltenders today are excellent athletes and some such as MA Fleury, Jake Allen, Jonathan Quick & Pekka Renne are exceptional. Being a better athlete will also improve your overall technical skills

Become better at puck handling - a goaltender who can handle wide rims and dump-in shots efficiently are worth their weight in gold and are a coach's dream.

Battle harder - put 100% effort into covering every loose puck; make the impossible save at least once per game

Calm & focused - remain calm and focused when confronted with adversity or when things become chaotic. No emotional ups & downs

Consistency - keep your play consistent throughout the entire game and from game to game


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Frustrated when goals go in or you don't play up to your own expectations?

Here are a couple of things you might want to think about:

a. No one ever improved by "beating up themselves" internally. Negative thoughts DO NOT produce positive results. And, you are the only one who can control that "tiny, negative voice" inside your head. Every time a negative thought comes into your mind, REBOOT THE COMPUTER, and move on to something positive.

b. You will never play a "perfect" game. Your aim should be to play the best you can and help your team win, That is the bottom line. So, shift your focus away from the "you" and just do your job..stop as many pucks as you can, and continue to work to improve

c. Forget about statistics. Any coach, recruiter or scout worth his/her salt will tell you that statistics (especially goaltending statistics) never really tell the true story even at the Pro level because of the circumstances under which the goals were scored. (Quite frankly, who is going to remember that your save percentage was .914 during your last year in Bantam, High School etc. & secondly, who really cares)

d. One period, one game, one season does not define you as a goaltender. Your Hockey goaltending identity is made up of all the years you have played as you move up in age and playing level. You will not be cut from any team tryout because you had a couple of, so called, "bad games" in Pee Wee

e. Focus on the process of developing into a well rounded goaltender who has ABOVE AVERAGE TECHNICAL SKILLS, PLAYS WITH CONSISTENCY, IS MENTALLY TOUGH, BATTLES TO STOP EVERY PUCK NOT MATTER WHAT, WORKS HARD ON & OFF ICE AND HAS A POSITIVE ATTITUDE. Developing as a goaltender is a journey. It has many ups & downs. Mostly how you deal with those ups & downs will determine how far you travel

f. At the end of the day, don't be upset by the results you didn't get for the work you didn't do. IF YOU DON'T PUT IN THE TIME, DON'T EXPECT TO BE REWARDED


Posted by on in Alexander

Beyond a certain level in hockey, all teams employ "systems". They are comprised of various defensive, attack & containment strategies designed to give one team an advantage over the other and subsequently produce a winning result. And again similar to "game plans" which we touched on last time, goaltenders have very little, if any, involvement in a team's "system".

So, does that mean that you, as a goaltender, should not have your own "system". Absolutely not.

Besides the obvious need for continuing technical and tactical skill development and improvement in areas where you have shortcomings, you really should have a systematic approach to your game outside the ice surface. Here is what we think a typical "system" might look like:

1. Stretch 6 days per week including before and after games and practices
2. Use a proven pre-game preparation prior to each game
3. Follow an in season off-ice training program – as prescribed by the team or a trainer/coach
4. Perform relaxation techniques (deep breathing) – 10 to 15 minutes every day
5. Practice mental imagery – before each game and at least two to three other time per week
6. Set a goal(s) – for each game & practice
7. Record practice notes (what went well, what didn't) after each practice
8. Record game notes (what went well, what didn't) after each game
9. Set medium and long range performance goals for your personal development

Perhaps there are some other things that could be added but these should be the very least if you are truly interested in path that leads you to play at the highest level based on your particular skill set.


Posted by on in Alexander

For many years I have been involved with coaching and hockey teams, sometimes performing minor bench coach duties in addition to goaltending coach.

Inevitably, before each game or sometimes each period, head coach would present the "game plan". At levels beyond minor hockey, this would be done after the morning skate or at a pre game team meeting. Among the things covered in the "game plan" would be items such as forecheck, defensive zone coverage etc. Most times, if ever, were goaltenders part of the "plan". Obviously, being a unique individual position in a team sport, doesn't afford much opportunity to participate in the "team" play of the game.

But, now that I think back, it is perfectly logical for the goaltender to have his or her "game plan". Something defined which establishes what is a "rule of thumb" for dealing with different game scenarios or situations. Written and available to review by the goaltender prior to games or periods providing a "refresher" so to speak prior to the contest. Obviously, a great deal of a hockey game including the goaltending part is reacting to a particular set of circumstances. But, if you have a low risk "game plan" executed based on a set of circumstances, and which you have practised, your odds of success are far greater than if one just goes out and "wing it."

So, what would such a plan look like? Here is an example of some things such a "game plan" could cover off:

  1. back door plays
  2. deflections/tipped shots
  3. drop passes
  4. face off positioning
  5. retrieving & moving pucks
  6. odd man rushes
  7. one on one siutations
  8. breakaways
  9. penalty kill
  10. screen shots
  11. opposition traffic
  12. goal line attacks

This is not an all encompassing list but it does provide a great starting point. Besides the obvious benefits, making this a part of pre-game preparation (mental imagery) may also lead to improved anticipation skills.




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By USA Hockey
Mike Cavanaugh, the University of Connecticut men’s hockey head coach and one of the game’s top recruiters, believes that all college hockey coaches initially look for the same things in a recruit: “Skating ability, the ability to make plays and a high-grade hockey IQ.

Cavanaugh knows firsthand how to evaluate a college hockey prospect. Prior to taking the reins at Connecticut, Cavanaugh spent 18 years as an assistant coach and associate head coach at Boston College, during which time the Eagles won four national titles. In all, Cavanaugh helped groom 22 All-America selections and more than 30 NHL players. A large part of Boston College’s winning foundation was built on Cavanaugh’s ability to not only recruit premiere talent but also find premiere talent that fit his program’s culture both on and off the ice.

Cavanaugh will be the first one to tell you that college hockey recruiters don’t merely evaluate players’ on-ice skill set. To get a full evaluation of their true ability, potential and character, Cavanaugh considers a host of other factors, too.

We also look at little things like how good of a teammate the player is,” said Cavanaugh. “How well a player handles adversary and criticism and coaching is also very important.

Cavanaugh offers the following advice on what college coaches seek in prospective recruits:
Style of Play

I think it’s important that coaches recruit to the style of hockey that they want to play,” said Cavanaugh. There are 59 Division I hockey teams and all of them have varying degrees of team identity and playing style. “Union won the NCAA championship with fast and mobile defensemen like Mat Bodie and Shayne Gostisbehere,” said Cavanaugh. “The coach decides what style he wants to play and then recruits according to that model.

The Whole Game
When Cavanaugh watches a prospect, he judges the player’s entire game, not just the highlights. The player’s actions and reactions to negative and positive situations between whistles and on the bench are included in his evaluation, too. This is important for 14U/16U players to remember, because emotions can often run high and then swing low if they’re not in control.

I watch the player throughout the whole game,” said Cavanaugh. “We watch his body language on the bench. Does he try to lift up his teammates? How does he handle the coach’s criticism during the game? These are the things you can’t see on video.

Work Hard on the Ice and in the Classroom
At Boston College, renowned Eagles head hockey coach Jerry York has two basic principles for the foundation of the hockey program: Compete for championships and graduate players. Cavanaugh has carried this tradition with him to UConn.

When I recruit a player, I tell him that if they don’t want to go to class, they should go play major junior hockey,” said Cavanaugh. “If you’re going to come to UConn, I’m going to push you as hard in school as I do on the ice.

Cavanaugh truly believes that there’s a direct correlation between kids that do well in school and kids that succeed on the ice.

I know that the teams I coached at B.C. that won championships were always led by a senior class that had guys flirting with 3.0 GPAs or better,” he added. “I think as a hockey player, if you’re going to put the time and effort into school, hockey will be the fun part.

The Importance (and Unimportance) of Size
Cavanaugh also wants 14U/16U players to know that they shouldn’t be discouraged if they are smaller in stature.

If you’re good enough, you’re big enough,” said Cavanaugh.
He points to outstanding Boston College alums and current NHL players Nathan Gerbe (5-foot-5), Johnny Gaudreau (5-foot-9), and Brian Gionta (5-foot-7) as examples of players who were often overlooked because of their size but achieved great things through hard work and heart.

Parents’ Role
“The college decision is four years that will shape the next 40,” said Cavanaugh. “That should be the student-athlete’s decision. That being said, it’s important that the parents provide their child with a strong sounding board and guidance. They can express their opinion and present the facts. At some point in their life though, the child has to make decisions on their own.”

Cavanaugh illustrates this point by telling a story about the time he recruited a player for Boston College.

The player’s dad went to a rival alma mater and I assumed the dad would guide the kid to that school,” said Cavanaugh. “I was pleasantly surprised when the kid committed to B.C. Later on, the dad told me that the one phone call he never wanted to get was from his son asking him why he sent him to that school and not the one he really wanted to go to. That really shaped my views.

The One Constant
A true college hockey prospect is comprised of many desirable traits, but there is always one constant.

Work ethic is a given,” said Cavanaugh. “Everybody that plays for me works hard. I would think all 59 Division I coaches would say the same thing.

The Big Radar
Cavanaugh believes that there are many different paths that can lead to Division I opportunities for a 14U/16U player.

As long as players are dedicated and routinely practice their basic skills, play hard and act as good teammates, good things can happen for any player in any city. After all, college coaches have huge radars and they’re always looking for talented players.

I flew to Minnesota to watch a certain player,” said Cavanaugh. “But during the game, I noticed two outstanding players on the opposite team. I inquired with the coach of the two opposing players. We took another look at these two kids and really liked them. We recruited them and brought them out for a visit. We couldn’t figure out why these two kids weren’t being heavily recruited. Now, both Johnny Austin and Spencer Naas are on our UConn roster. It all worked out.